Abstracts

Impact Variables in Moral Education; Reviewing the Verse
((Balad Tayyeb wa Khabith))

 

Gholam Reza Motaqi Far/ Assistant Professor of Islamic Theology, PNU       Motaqi345@gmail.com

Received: 2017/04/16 - Acceopted: 2017/09/16

 

Abstract

The holy verse ((balad tayyeb wa khabith)) explains about most people`s moral foundation in the realm of being effective and being affected. This verse is general and it represents the human`s good or bad effectivity of the environment. However, it is likely that a few people are exceptions that even the holy Quran has mentioned them. In the chapter A`raf the verse 58, balad tayyeb wa khabith is defined as a clean environment. An environment is any factor that has the capability to affect humans’ thoughts positively or negatively. Two important points are concluded from the verses; firstly, disrupting the process of guiding humans has a direct relationship with the impact. Secondly, human`s impact from a shared condition is not same and there are some variables that can either strengthen or weaken the impact or even neutralize the impact. Using a documentary-analytic method, the current paper seeks to expound the fact that which variable increases or decreases the coefficient of impact of humans from the conditions. The following variables pander humans impact from the clean or polluted condition; childhood, the presence in the situation, imitation, trust in the effective variable, healthy contamination of the environment, weakness of will or the inability in controlling oneself. On the other hand, the lack of the above variables or their substitution with their opposite, can alter their capacity in changing their impact or possibly reverse the impact of the effective factors.

Key words: balad tayyeb wa khabith, moral education, environmental impact.


Analyzing the Ontological Foundations
of Mystical Education based on Najaf Ashraf Educational School

 

Kamal Mazloumi Zadeh/ PhD in Islamic educational philosophy, IKI

Seyyed Ahmad Rahnemaei/ Associate professor of the department of education, IKI

Mohammad Baqir Tahriri/ Professor of the seminary school, Qom

Received: 2017/03/08 - Acceopted: 2017/07/09

 

Abstract

The present paper answers to this question; Is there a unit approach in analyzing the ontological foundations of mystical education? The foundations of ontological mystical education have a pivotal role in other foundations like; epistemological foundations and anthropological foundations and other components like; educational principles, objectives and methods. Using a descriptive-analytic method and based on the teachings of Najaf Ashraf educational school, the current study seeks to expound the foundations of ontological mystical education as the most important educational component. Two important approaches in expounding the foundations of ontological mystical education; ((doubt in existence)) and ((doubt in arrival)) are put forth in this paper that the second one is considered to the main topic. The analysis of the topic in this paper is based on the holy Quran not based on mystic experiences, like the way Ibn Arabi school of thought is formed upon. The course of the world`s existence is also analyzed different from Ibn Arabi`s view.

Key words: mystic education, Najaf Ashraf school, the foundations of ontological mystical education, epiphany studies, the course of the world`s existence.


Innate Nature: Potentiality or Actuality

 

Asadollah Tousi/ Assistant professor, IKI

Received: 2017/03/17 - Acceopted: 2017/08/13

 

Abstract

Human is the subject of education and the issues of education discuss about the way change and education occur. On the other hand, human possesses various existential dimensions and the most important of them is his nature. The present study aims at exploring the fact that is this human dimension rooted in his talents or like other dimensions of human it is a potent talent that can change and evolve? Or is it a divine asset that cannot be changed? The reason why seeking for a remedy for these issues is of high importance is that they are fundamental. Hence solving those issues can help many education personnel in the process and adhering to the education. Using a descriptive-analytic approach the present paper aims at explaining the meaning of nature, talent and potentiality and giving a correct cognition of these terminologies. Then in a wise activity process the present article presents its notion on the natter by analyzing the data.

Key words: nature, talent, potentiality, education, principles ofanthropology.


The Educational Reasons for the Concept
of ((Faith)) from the Viewpoint of Molla Sadra

 

Habib Karkon Beiraq/ PhD student of education philosophy, Tarbiyat Modarres University

                                                                                                                          habib.karkon@yahoo.com

Mohsen Imani Naeini/ Associate professor, Tarbiyat Modarres University

Received: 2017/01/08 - Acceopted: 2017/05/12

 

Abstract

There are two opposing views regarding the relationship between ((faith and wisdom)): 1. Rationalism that reconciles the faith with the wisdom. 2. Faithfulness that mismatches faith and wisdom. This deductive descriptive-analytic study that is done qualitatively seeks to expound the nature of faith from the viewpoint of Molla Sadra who is a rationalist philosopher. He believes that faith is indeed equal to wisdom and he also considers some principles for religious education; human is a wise being and faith is a cognitive matter, human is free in his actions and faith is optional, faith is doubtful and human being`s faith capacities are different, human is a perfectionist being and reaching high levels of faith necessitates constant and persistent emphasis on faith and action, human differs from other creatures and faith distinguishes him from other creatures, human is Unitarian and religion and wisdom agree with each other. Based on the principles mentioned above, the findings show that we can train religious people without blaming the religious education on any accounts.

Key words: faith, action, education, educational reasoning, Molla Sadra, wisdom, knowledge.


Systematic Pathology of Education and Suggesting Remedies

 

Asghar Eftekhari/ Assistant professor of Imam Sadiq University

Mohammad Reza Aram/ PhD student of political sciences, the research center of human sciences and

cultural studies                                                                                                              mr.aram@chmail.ir

Received: 2017/01/06 - Acceopted: 2017/07/01

 

Abstract

The present paper mainly deals with the current and ideal function of educational system which has a great influence in interaction with other systems. Using systems theory and emphasizing on relations between its inputs and outputs and its direct and indirect influences on other systems, we want to answer to this questions that what is the negative point of educational system in itself and other system and how we can eliminate them. Teaching mostly useless and unstable and Experimental knowledge that causes Prolongation of education period in addition to document-orientation considered the most important problems of educational system. Therefore, eliminating huge problems as unemployment, corruptness, delinquency, sexual deviations, unveiling, negligence, reducing birth in addition of some basic needs as managing on time and welfare requires educational system changes as human factory for political system. One important solution for changing current situation is revision of curriculum. As a result, reducing education period from one hand and rise political satisfaction and increase GDP by upbringing of efficient human capital instead of drainer and demander persons and will eliminate complex problems of country.

Key words: educational system, curriculum, change in human sciences, efficiency, Islamic Republic of Iran.


Content Analysis of the New Edition of Experimental Sciences Text Books in Iran`s Elementary Schools with Respect to Social Components Competence

 

Raziyeh Jalili/ PhD student in Curriculum Development, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

                                                                                                                                    r.jalili2014@gmail.com

Faezeh Nateqi/ Assistant professor of the department of educational sciences, Azad Univesrity of Arak

Alireza Faqihi/ Assistant professor of the department of educational sciences, Azad Univesrity of Arak

Received: 2017/02/06 - Acceopted: 2017/06/20

 

Abstract

The aim of the given research is a content analysis of the new edition of the experimental sciences text books in Iran elementary schools with respect to the social components competence. Research methodology was a combination of descriptive and survey analysis. Statistical Society including Experts in educational sciences totally 150 persons and the contents of six experimental sciences text books in Iran elementary schools which all participated in this research. So sampling method in the present research was counting all method. data collection tools were questionnaire and Inventory of the recorded data. The tools reliability were assessed and confirmed through referring to the experts and for the test Reliability of the Tools for questionnaire a correlation test was used and in order to Measure The reliability of the inventory records an agreement Coefficient was used. coefficient correlation was calculated 0/82 and coefficient agreement was 0/78 which is an indication of High reliability of research tools. The results of the study showed 60/53 percent of all contents of experimental sciences text book in Iran were conducted to the  Social components competence that is a good ratio, but the weaken point existing in The imbalance between the Amount emphasis on the four components competences skills, of course this problem exists generally in all text books. This means that in all contents of the text books, the most emphasis was on the cognition skills and the less emphasis on the emotional skills.

Key words: content analysis, text books, experimental sciences, social competence.