Preventive Factors Influencing
University Students' Research Projects

Seyfollah Fazlollahi*

The present paper reviews the preventive factors that influence university students' research projects. The research is a descriptive-survey and the statistical population includes 700 students from, Teacher Training College affiliated to Azad University in Qom. The sample includes 200 students who were selected according to stratified random. The data were gathered from a researcher-made questionnaire with 0/91 reliability based on Likert's five level scaling. The data were analyzed by X2 test and showed that personal (technical and professional), motivational, research facilities presentation, bureaucratic- structural and cultural factors have a preventive role in students' research works. The main obstacles are respectively: low interest in research, lack of workshops on research method, giving emphasis instructions rather than to research, lack of specialized periodicals and references, lack of specific rules for assessing students' research works, and having no access to experienced professors who supervise student research.

Key words: university students' research projects, teacher training college, preventive factors, Azad Islamic University in Qom.


A Comparative Study of Mate-Selection Criteria in Islamic Thought and Criteria Favoured by Kerman's Youth

Seyyed Reza Moosawi*

The present paper seeks to compare the mate-selection criteria favored by Kerman's youth and the criteria recommended by Islamic thought. To this end, the researcher extracted the criteria of a successful marriage recommended by sacred law from religious sources and recognized the mate-selection criteria adopted by the youth. Then he organized these criteria in a form of a questionnaire which he designed for the unmarried youth ranging from 18 to 35 years old in the province of Kerman to see what their first priorities in mate-selection are. The research findings showed that those who filled in the questionnaire chose from among the six main criteria of Islam's theoretical view only two, as first priorities that is, "chastity and continence" and" wisdom and intelligence". On the contrary, they chose "education level, economic status, and occupation" as first priorities. In other words, they ranked first most of the criteria which, according to religious doctrines, are ranked second and those which, according to religion, are ranked first came next.
Key words: mate-selection criteria, Islamic thought, the youth.


Designing a Questionnaire on Attracting Students to Prayer and Reviewing Its Psychometric Features

'Adil Zahid Babelan*, Sooran Rajabi**


The present paper is concerned with how to designing a means for evaluating the contributing factors for attracting students to congregational prayer. In a survey research in which 752 male and female high school students in Ardabil Province for the academic year of 1389-1390 (2010-2011) were participated, students were asked to complete a questionnaire for attracting students to congregational prayer. The results of an exploratory factor analysis show that this questionnaire, which is based on 60/62 percent of total variance, has five basic factors: "educational physical and communicative atmosphere", "individual and family religious behavior and faith ", "etiquette of performing congregational prayer" social environment", and "stimulation". A review of its reliability and validity shows that all of the five extracted factors have high and significant correlation with the each other and with the total score of questionnaire (p<0/001). Meanwhile, the coefficient of Cronbach alpha for the whole questionnaire was 0/94. The evaluation of this questionnaire shows that this questionnaire has desired and correlated basic factors for assessing the contributing factors for attracting students to congregational prayers.

Key words: congregational prayer, student, intermediate school.


The Effect of the Method of Teaching Religious Values based on Thomas Likona's Theory about Character and Personality Education on Internalization of Chastity Value

Mehdi Razaii*, Hassan Maleki**


The present paper explores the effect of teaching religious values based on Likona's theory about character and personality education on internalizing of chastity value in high school students in Qom, zone 4, through the curriculum. The statistical population includes students of a private high school named Javidan. The statistical sample includes 14 students who were selected on the basis of sampling standards. Tables of frequency, descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. The research findings show that there is a significant difference between the curriculum of teaching religious value based on character and personality education approach and internalization of students' chastity value, which underlines the change in the students' attitude towards this value in as far as importance of chastity of speech, dress, seeing, hearing, and sexual behavior are concerned.

Key words: internalization, chastity, character and personality education, curriculum, religious values.


Education and Sex; "Criticism of the Feministic Approach Women's Education"

Asadollah Toosi*


Although feminism was a reflection of the unfavourable and aggressive attitudes towards women in the past, this movement is now going astray and in recent years, it has deprived women of their rights in a modern way. Among the slogans of this movement are" equality of educational opportunities between men and women", and "co-education". At the early days, co-education was accepted by some countries, but due to its inconsistency with man's nature and religious values many countries rejected it. Modern world still applies co-education even after having noticed its negative effects, especially in educational, training, and moral aspects. Holding women in respect, and seeking to preserve their human dignity to regain their lost rights, Islam condemns any extreme views including of women's role limitation and depriving women of taking part in social life, and rejects any kind of mixed-sex education and the perversity which it brings about.

Key words: women's rights, educational system, integrated education, segregated education, feminism.


A Critique of the Educational Theory of Feminism

Mohammad Asif Hikmat*


Feminism as a social movement, an ideological system and one of the products of humanism. It grew in a secular cultural context and developed as part of the West's modern thought. This movement focused on the field of education and urged for making an overall change in it. It is not easy to expound the theoretical principles and philosophical theory of feminism. Anyway, the different feministic trends share common grounds with current philosophies in negative approach, and they all reject rationalism, objectivism, and fundamentalism in ontology, and epistemology, essentialism and dualism in anthropology. In axiology they emphasize on secularism, individualism, supervision instead of justice, and the superiority of feministic values.

In order to evaluate feminism, first we should not consider that the movement for defending women's rights and reviving their human dignity to be the same as feminism. Second, some of the positive consequences of feministic thoughts are not consequent on these thoughts but on the question of women's rights in West. Third, it is necessary to simultaneously consider the positive outcomes and devastating effects of feministic thoughts.

Key words: feminism, humanism, women, educational theory, criticism, positive and negative outcomes.


Designing and Assessing the Validity of Mate-Selection Criterion according to Islam

Hadi Husseinkhani Na'ini*, Mas'ood Janbozorgi**,

Mas'ood Azarbayjani****


The present paper, which is concerned with designing and examining the validity of a questionnaire on mate-selection according to Islam, seeks to assess mate-selection criteria used by those who want to marry. Mate-selection criteria have been extracted from the Quranic verses and traditions and they were used to prepare two questionnaires: one with 95 items for boys and another with122 items for girls, two samples; one comprising 337 male and the other comprising 424 female students from the seminary and universities in Qom and Isfahan, were completed.

The research findings show that the mate-selection criterion proposed by Islam has desirable intrinsic consistency and correlation based on split-half method. The results of the prescriptive factor analysis show that these two questionnaires have eight factors as follows. The factors included in the questionnaire for male students are: religious commitment, piety-orientation, luxury, quiescence, lack of self-control, egoism, familism, and love declaration. The factors stated in the questionnaire for male students are: religious commitment, attention to appearance, egoism, inflexibility, courtesy, attention to religious appearance, relaxation, and independence-seeking. The evaluation shows that this questionnaire contains essential correlated factors for assessing mate-selection indexes and features and it enjoys desirable reliability and validity.

Key words: pre-marriage test, mate-selection criteria, family in Islam, mate-selection criterion.

* Faculty member of Qom Azad Islamic University                     fazlollahigh@yahoo.com
Received: 2012/1/5 - Accepted: 2012/4/21

* Faculty member of Baft Azad Islamic University                   mosavireza313@yahoo.com
Received: 2011/5/31 - Accepted: 2011/10/7

* Assistant Professor of Muhaqqiq Ardabili University                         zahed@uma.ac.ir
Faculty member of Persian Gulf University
Received: 2012/2/4 - Accepted: 2012/6/9

* PhD student of philosophy of Islamic education, IKI           m_rezaei313@yahoo.com
Associate professor of educational sciences and psychology department, 'Allamah Tabatabaii University
Received: 2012/4/3 - Accepted: 2012/7/17

* Ph.D student, IKI Nashrieh@Qabas.net
Received: 2012/4/8 - Accepted: 2012/6/30

* Ph.D student of philosophy of Islamic education, IKI                  asif1354@gmail.com
Received: 2012/4/3 - Accepted: 2012/6/30

* Assistant Professor, IKI                                     h.hosseinkhani@yahoo.com
Assistant Professor of seminary and university research center
**** Assistant Professor of seminary and university research center
Received: 2012/4/17 - Accepted: 2012/8/18